Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease

  1. One in three American Adults are at risk for developing chronic Kidney Disease.
  2. 26 million American have kidney disease and most do not know it
  3. High blood pressure and diabetes are the top 2 leading causes of kidney disease
  4. Anyone at risk should have simple urine and blood tests done
  5. Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the United States
  6. Men with the disease are more likely to progress to failure than women
  7. Black Americans are 3 times more likely to experience kidney failure than white.
  8. Once kidneys fail it is over, dialysis or transplant are the only treatment
  9. Everyday 13 people die in the United States waiting for a new kidney

What is GFR ?

This stands of the Glomerular Filtration Rate. This is a test used to check how kidneys are working. This test estimates how much blood passes through the glomeruli each minute. Glomeruli are the tiny filters in the kidneys that filter waste from the blood.

Stage 1

Stage one still means your kidneys are functioning normally but urine findings point to kidney disease. GFR levels will be at 90 plus. At this stage you are monitored for blood pressure and observed.

Stage 2

This stage has slightly reduced kidney function. GFR rates have reduced to between 60-89 at this point. Blood pressure is still monitored and you are simply observed, no radical treatment yet.

Stage 3a

This stage shows moderately reduced kidney function. GFR rate is between 45-59. Patient is still monitored and treated for blood pressure issues and observed closely.

Stage 3b

This is closely behind stage 3a but lumped in the same treatment area. GFR rates are between 30-44 and patient is observed and blood pressure continues to be watched closely.

Stage 4

This stage shows severely reduced kidney function; a noticeable jaundice can occur. Yellowing of the whites of the eyes is common. Patient may be feeling quite ill at this stage. GFR rates are at an alarming 15-29. Patient is planning for end stage renal failure and dialysis.

Stage 5

At this stage the patient is probably waiting for a kidney transplant. Patient’s GFR is less than 15 or they are on dialysis at this point.

For more information: Download our book “Getting Ready for Dialysis” or visit www.kidney.org